The aim of Student Welfare is to promote the learning, health and well-being of students. Student Welfare includes psychologist and school social worker services as well as the services of school health care. Student Welfare is realized through diversified co-operation of Education Division and Welfare Division. Close co-operation is conducted with students and their parents or guardians as well as with other partners. Student Welfare is arranged as communal and individual Student Welfare.
When a student whose native language is not Finnish or Swedish starts in basic education, a syllabus of either Finnish as a Second Language and Literature (S2) or Swedish as a Second Language and Literature (R2) will be chosen for him/her. The aim of the syllabus is to support the development of the child’s Finnish or Swedish skills.
The child can also study together with children who study Finnish or Swedish as a native language.
Native language education is meant for students whose native language is something other than Finnish or Swedish. The education strengthens linguistic skills and the cultural identity. Also students who have learnt the language abroad can participate in the teaching.
Teaching is given in over 20 different languages. The lessons are usually after school day in specifically selected schools.
For school years 1–6 guidance counselling is given during subject teaching and other school activities.
For school years 7–9 guidance counselling is its own subject.
The key tasks of a guidance councellor:
- Guidance of growth and development
- Guidance of studying and studying skills
- Guidance of occupational orientation
- Guidance to post-graduate studies
On schooldays the student gets a warm meal between 10.00 and 12.00. The meal covers approximately one third of a person’s daily food requirements.
Arkea Ruokapalvelu sells snacks in secondary schools and in upper secondary schools when it is allowed. List of schools and information about snacks and payment options are available in Finnish.
A student will be offered a special diet if the reason is medical, religious or ethical.
The statutory preschool education of the City of Turku is meant for all children under school age one year before the start of the child’s compulsory school education. The duration of the free preschool education is at least 700 hours per year, that is, approximately four hours a day.
There are two Swedish language immersion groups in Kerttuli Day Care Unit: one for 5-year olds and one preschool education group. The used format is early and complete immersion.
The Swedish Language Section of Education Committee is responsible for Swedish language services. The Swedish language services are directed by Liliane Kjellman.
The goal of preparatory education is to give immigrant students necessary abilities in order for them to move on to basic education. Preparatory education is given to basic education students who have recently moved to Finland, whose language skills are not proficient enough to study in normal basic education groups. Preparatory education is centralized to few schools. Grades 1-6 preparatory education is given at the Varissuo and Pansio schools and Luostarivuori school's Martti and Kerttuli units.
Special day care is for children with impaired possibilities for development, growth and learning. Discovering the child’s need for support at an early stage will contribute favourably to the child’s growth.
The supporting measures are usually organized in the child’s own day care centre or family day care. A child’s rehabilitation plan will be made for the child together with parents, day care personnel and other professionals. The day care personnel are responsible for compiling and implementing the plan.
Types of special group arrangements:
The Swedish language class offers an intensive immersion possibility for all students who are native speakers of Finnish, as the class teacher's mother tongue is Swedish, which he/she uses in teaching for all subjects and lessons 100% for the first two years. Pupils also learn to read and write in Swedish. The use of Finnish in teaching increases from third grade onwards from 30% up to 50% in the fifth and sixth grades. Finnish lessons and other subjects that require Finnish are taught by another teacher who speaks Finnish as his/her mother tongue.
When it comes to foreign-language classes, the main focus is on achieving a comfortable level of using a foreign-language in different situations, subjects and concepts. The language is not being taught per se; instead, the foreign language is used to learn a subject matter.
In foreign-language classes, the first two years emphasise understanding the language and building a foundation for foreign-language competence. Reading and writing skills are taught in the students' mother tongue (Finnish). The share of foreign-language instruction is approximately 50%.
Upper secondary school education is given in the schools of Turku
- in Finnish at 6 schools
- In Swedish at Katedralskolan i Åbo
- in English at the Turku International School
In addition to the upper secondary schools administrated by the City, also the Normal School of the University of Turku and Steiner School operate in Turku.
Service Area Director of Upper Secondary School Education in the City of Turku is Esko Heikkonen.
Enrollment in a mathematics class is open to students who are interested in mathematics and wish to deepen and expand their mathematics skills. In general, mathematics classes adhere to the school's general mathematics curriculum, except that students will probe matters deeper and wider in any given situation.
Music classes provide students with readiness and inspiration for taking a comprehensive interest in music. Instruction begins with singing and playing musical instruments. A student starting out in a music class will need enthusiasm for singing, an ear for music, and a sense of rhythm. Previous ability to play an instrument or studies in music theory are not required.
Instruction consists of:
- Playing musical instruments together
- Music theory and ear training
- Listening to music
Day care centres are open from 6.30 to 17.00, and also from 6.00 to 18.00 on demand. Some day care centres provide day care services also during evenings and weekends. There is one round-the-clock day care centre in Turku.
The daily period of care is organized according to the needs of the family. The period of care is defined in the child care agreement which is signed by the parent or guardian and the child day care centre director or family day care supervisor.
Basic education is free all-round education, which is given to all children residing permanently in Finland. Compulsory education means that all children must go to school in Finland. Compulsory education begins the same year that the child has his/her 7th birthday. Compulsory education continues until the age of 17, unless the student has graduated before that.
• Supports the student’s everyday work at school, interaction, and ability to function
• evaluates the student’s circumstances by learning about the student’s school attendance and life situation at individual, family and school community levels
• consults teachers and student welfare personnel
• co-operates closely and openly with parents
• works with classes and student groups
• participates in multidisciplinary student welfare work and networking
• participates in the development of school-specific student welfare as an expert of their own field
Family day care is organized at the childminder’s home.
In three-family day care 1–4 families form a circle. The children and the municipal childminder stay at each family’s home in turn. The family purchases and prepares the meals for the day, and the city in turn compensates for this. If needed, the city can borrow necessary equipment, for example a twin stroller.
The maximum size of a group for both forms of day care is four children, including the childminder’s own children.
Students are selected into the visual arts classes from all of Turku's school districts. Studies in the visual arts begin from third grade and continue throughout comprehensive school. The goals of art studies include: