The buildings belonging to the Ruissalo estate – residential buildings and outhouses near Kansanpuisto – used to be the centre of the island until the 1840's. The main building was rebuilt in 1901, as the old main building dating back to the 1720's had burnt in a fire two years earlier. Also the outhouses were built after the fire. The garden of the estate, established in 1754, included fruit trees and plants used in the kitchen.
Nowadays, the fields of the Ruissalo estate are home to several rare and even endangered species.
During the Middle Ages, there was no permanent accommodation on the island, though it served as a location for fishing and agriculture. During the 13th century, Ruissalo came under the rule of Turku Castle. The island was kept as pasture land until the mid-16th century, when its administration was taken over by the Duke of Finland. During this period, the island served as royal housing, offering a park for hunting as well as fields to feed the inhabitants of Turku Castle. The forest was cut down to make room for crops, consisting mostly of rye.
The Saaronniemi area in Ruissalo provides opportunities for hiking, swimming, sauna bathing, barbecue, minigolf and beach volley. You can use the sauna or go swimming even in winter. Dog owners can take their pets to a dog park or to a swimming beach intended for dogs.
Café Villa Saaro serves visitors in a beautiful villa representing the Empire style. If you wish to stay overnight, you can stay in your trailer in the well-equipped camping area or indoors.
The Botanical Garden of the University of Turku is open throughout the year and has a collection of over 5.000 plant species. The garden consists of six greenhouses and an outdoor garden that is free of charge.
The Botanical Garden has a café that also serves lunch.
Do I need a permit for my advertisement?
If you want to place an advertisement on a land area that is owned by the City of Turku, you will need a permit from the city.
Permits for permanent advertisements
Permanent advertisements on city-owned land also require building and siting permits. These spots are rented for 5–10 years depending on the contract. The rent depends on the size of the advertisement. Apply for a permit with a free-form application that includes the following information:
Parking a motorcycle
The rules for parking with a motorcycle are principally the same as for cars. In parking spaces that are subject to a charge, the paid parking slip must be attached to the motorcycle. If there are more than one motorcycles in a parking space that is subject to a charge, all motorcycles must have their own parking slips. It is good to take a photo of the parking slip, so you can prove that you paid in case the slip is lost. There is no need to use the parking disk, but the same parking time limits are still valid.
Enterprise parking is used in six different areas. The areas are in the City Centre, Port Arthur, Pohjola, University Hill, and next to Samppalinna and the University Hospital. The same area division applies also to residential parking.
Terms and conditions of enterprise parking:
A holder of a disabled parking permit is allowed to park in the following places:
- separately marked disabled parking spaces
- parking prohibition areas
- parking spaces that are subject to a fee; no need to pay
- parking spaces that have a time limit; no time limit
Please note! The vehicle must not disturb the traffic.
The Road Traffic Act includes many other prohibitions and restrictions when the disabled parking permit does not entitle parking.
City plan areas
It is not permitted to work on the streets and other public areas within the city plan without a permit from the city. In this case an appropriate permit for the work must be acquired (permits for fences, digs, and/or siting).
Permits for areas outside the city plan
If the activity in question falls outside the public right of access, a permit from the landowner is needed for work in an area (such as a forest or field).
Cycling is nowadays as significant as a form of transport as public transport in Turku. The importance of walking and cycling will further stand out in the jammed urban traffic of the future. The greater portion of travelling is made on foot or by bike, the less there will be traffic jams and the better the traffic will flow. Walking and cycling do not cause greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, or noise. When the city structure is such that it is possible to travel on foot or by bike instead of cars, transport takes less space and causes less costs.
Private roads are roads that are maintained by property owners and other stakeholders of the road. The road stakeholders are responsible for participating in the building and maintenance of the road according to the benefits it provides for each stakeholder. The stakeholders of the road can organize and form a road maintenance association if there are several stakeholders and/or if the road maintenance based on the principle of consensus becomes difficult.
The City of Turku has sites available and suitable for business premises. The sites are mainly located in the precincts of Ohikulkutie (Turku bypass), Tampereentie, and the airport. The sites can be either rented or bought. A building obligation will be put on the site. The locations and prices of sites that are ready to be signed away can be found through the Turku City Map Service.
New city plans result in the formation of new single-family sites, which are assigned to customers based on application and competitive bidding rounds. The time of assignment is dependent on several factors, including the planning situation of the area and the construction schedule of municipal infrastructure. Sometimes sites are also included in an application or competitive bidding round as a result of cancelled assignments.
Sites in the City of Turku meant for corporate residential use are primarily assigned through rounds of tenders held annually in spring. The objectives of the city are that the sites would get into use quickly, the planning and construction would be high-quality, and the that the housing solutions would be adaptable and innovative.
The sites that were not assigned during the rounds of tenders are available and open or offers through the online map service.
What are single-family sites that can be assigned immediately?
Single-family sites that can be assigned immediately can be applied for around the year. The list of sites that can be assigned immediately is complemented on the first day of every month with sites that were not assigned during the previous month and sites that were withdrawn.
Responsibilities of plot owners or holders
- Remove snow and ice from the stretch of pavement in front of your plot
- Sand the pavement at need in order to prevent slipping, and remove the sand in spring
- Transport away the snowbanks that have piled on the pavement or right next to it
- Keep the gutter next to the pavement clean of snow and ice
- Take care of the maintenance of the plot access
Responsibilities of the municipality
- Ploughing of carriageways and cycleways, as well as roads where pedestrian and bicycle traffic has not
City of Turku´s marina berths are located in:
(links lead to Finnish pages)
I got a parking ticket. Should I demand for rectification?
- In order to change the decision you will need very good justifications and evidence
- Approximately 5 % of demands for rectification are accepted
I got an unnecessary parking ticket.
Why has my vehicle been towed away?
- The vehicle was parked incorrectly
- The vehicle has impeded the maintenance and cleaning of the street(s)
- The vehicle is not really in use
- The vehicle is classified as a scrap vehicle
- The vehicle has endangered road safety (towed away by the police)
- The vehicle has been parked in an area that is under a request to remove vehicles (Finnish: siirtokehotus; see an example of a sign below).
You will receive a parking ticket if:
- you have stopped or parked your vehicle against prohibitions and restrictions
- you have not followed the regulations and instructions regarding the use of a parking disk
- you have not followed the prohibitions and restrictions regarding vehicle idling
The amount of a parking ticket in Turku is 60 euros.
Paying the parking ticket
You must pay the parking ticket within 30 days of receiving it. After the due date the payment will be raised by the statutory 14 euros.
The Environmental Division comprises Building Control, Urban Planning, Environmental Protection, and Environmental Health Care. The Regional Public Transport acts as part of the Environmental Division.
The oldest documents of the Environmental Division have been moved to the City Archives. The newest documents are being kept within the division, and out of them the most wanted materials are:
Turku Science Park is one of the largest and oldest scientific parks in Finland. Unlike the majority of Finnish science parks, Turku Science Park is a close part of the city structure and is within a walking distance from the Turku city centre, in the immediate vicinity of the Kupittaa railway station and the Helsinki motorway.